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2007-2008学年第二学期2007级本科英语期末试题(B)

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2007-2008 学年第二学期 2007 级本科英语期末试题(B) 级本科英语期末试题( )
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension(0.5’×20=10’ ) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A, B, C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. 1. A. Sarah’s elder brother was with her mother. B. Sarah’s mother and her elder brother are at home. C. Sarah is going to see her mother. D. Sarah’s elder brother is in Paris. 2. A. To wash the dishes. B. To ring the doorbell. C. To answer the door. D. To prepare the dish. 3. A. Customer and salesman. B. Husband and wife. C. Policeman and passerb y. D. Teacher and student. 4. A. In a school. B. At a theater. C. In a restaurant. D. In a bank. 5. A. She may be driving at 7 o’clock. B. She may be going to the part y. C. She may be seeing her friends. D. She may be going to the theater. 6. A. 9:00 a.m. B. 9:10 a.m. C. 10:00 a.m. D. 10:20 a.m. 7. A. Yes, he likes it very much. B. Yes, he finds it interesting. C. No, he finds it very boring. D. No, he finds it very hard. 8. A. Doing his homework. B. Playing with his dog. C. Watching TV. D. Calling his girlfriend. Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 9. A. Her kids will arrive home after school. B. She is too exhausted to work. C. She has finished her work. D. The man does not ask her to go back to the office. 10. A. It is weird. B. It is exhausting. C. It is convenient. D. It is comfortable. 11. A. It is produced b y weird people. B. The woman does not like it. C. One can see a lot of strange things in it.
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D. The man is determined to watch it tonight. 12. A. The woman will record tonight’s program. B. He will be having a meeting with his boss at that time. C. His boss might ask him to stay up late. D. He may have to prepare for tomorrow’s business trip. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 13. A. He is doing a survey. B. He is introducing himself. C. He is talking with a friend. D. He is making an appointment. 14. A. Over the telephone. B. On the street. C. In the travel agency. D. In the classroom. 15. A. The husband earns less now than in the past. B. The wife stopped working after she had a bab y. C. The living cost has increased rapidl y. D. The famil y is saving money for the child’s education. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 2 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. A. He forgot to leave the store. B. He was locked in a store b y accident. C. He was drunk and locked in a store. D. He was sent to prison. 17. A. He made himself at home in the store. B. He stayed asleep for 2 days. C. He broke in through the window. D. He damaged some equipment 18. A. Because the tramp deserved a merry Christmas. B. Because it was the store’s fault. C. Because the store had profited b y the accident. D. Because the tramp had stolen nothing of value. Passage Two Questions 19 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A. Europeans smoked tobacco over a fire. B. American Indians used tobacco as medicine. C. Everyone in Europe smoked tobacco.

D. Europeans began to learn about tobacco. 20. A. The tobacco plant is very unhealthy. B. Tobacco can be smoked through a tube. C. Nicot gave sick men tobacco to eat. D. Columbus learned about tobacco from Nicot. Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (1′ ×10=10′ ) Passage A Directions: Read the following passages, and then answer the questions. For questions, mark Y(yes) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage N(NO)if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage NG(NOT GIVEN)if the information is not given in the passage. How Should You Build up Your Vocabulary Ex actl y what do you do during a normal day? How do you spend your time? Paul T. Rankin very much wanted an answer to that question. To get it, he asked sixt y-eight individuals to keep, an accurate, detailed record of what they did every minute of their waking hours. When he consolidated( 巩 固 ) his finding, he discovered that the average individual spent 70 percent of his waking time doing one thing onl y--communication. That meant either reading, writing, speaking or listening. Put that evidence alongside of the research findings uncovered b y the Human Engineering Laboratories. In exploring aptitudes and careers involving, among other things, data from 30,000 vocabulary tests given yearl y, they discovered that big incomes and big vocabularies go together. Vocabulary, more than an y other factor yet known, predicts financial success. And it all fits. Each word you add to your vocabulary makes you a better reader, writer, speaker and listener. Furthermore, linguistic scientists are quick to point out that we actuall y think with words. If that is so, new words make us better thinkers as well as communicators. No wonder more words are likel y to mean more money. What better reason for beginning right now to extend your vocabulary? Take Reading What exactl y do you read? Common sense says yo u read words. Research confirms that fact. “Vocabulary in context” contributes 39 percent to comprehension. That’s more than an y other factor isolated and studied--even more than intelligence. And “word discrimination” contributes more to speed of reading than an y other factor--28 percent. In short, your
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efforts to improve vocabulary will pay off in both comprehension and speed. Suppose, as you’re reading along, you lumtebs across a strange word. Did you find yourself stopping for a closer look at lumtebs? Pardon the spelling slip. That’s actuall y the word stumble( 偶 然 发 现 ) . The letter just got mixed around. Obviousl y you now know that strange words do slow you down--or even stop you completel y. Furthermore, strange words hinder( 妨 碍 ) comprehension. Which is easier to understand, “eschew garrulit y” or “avoiding talking too much”? What you need is a vital, d ynamic approach to vocabulary building. Hybrid 杂 交 )corn combines the best qualities of several varieties to ensure ( maximum productivity. A h ybrid approach to vocabulary should, in the same way, ensure maximum results. That’s why you should use the CPD formula. Through Context When students in a college class were asked what should be done when they came across an unknown word in their reading, 84 percent said, “Look it up in the dictionary.” If you do, however, you short-circuit the very mental processes needed to make your efforts most productive. But there’s another reason. Suppose someone asks you what the word fast means. You answer, “speed y or swift”. But does it mean that in such contexts as “fast color”, “fast woman”, or “fast friend”? And if a horse is fast, is it securel y tied or galloping( 飞 驰 ) at top speed? It could be either. It all depends. On the dictionary? No, on context--on how the word is actuall y used. After all, there are over twenty different meanings for fast in the dictionary. But the dictionary doesn’t tell you which meaning is intended. That’s wh y it makes such good sense to begin with context. Through Word Parts Now for the next step. Often unfamiliar words contain one or more parts, which, if recognized, provide definite help with meaning. Suppose you read that someone “had a predilection for reading m ysteries”. The context certainl y isn’t too helpful. But do you see a prefix, suffix or root that you know? Well, there’s the familiar prefix pre-, meaning “before”. Look back at the context and try inserting “before”. Reading m ysteries apparentl y comes “before” other kinds of reading. Yes, a predilection--or preference--is something put “before” something else. Or take the word monolithic. Try to isolate the parts. There is the prefix mono-, meaning “one”, and the root lith, meaning “stone”. Finall y, there’s the suffix –ic, meaning “consisting of”. Those three parts add up to this definition: “consisting of one stone”. To speed up yo ur use of word parts, you will be introduced to the fourteen most important words in the English language. The prefix and root

elements in those few words are found in over 14,000 words of desk dictionary size. With those amazingl y useful shortcuts, you can build vocabulary, not a snail’s pace, one word at a time, but in giant strides up to a thousand words at a time. Your second step, then, is to look for familiar word parts. If they do not give you exact meanings, they should at least bring you much closer. Through the Dictionary Now you can see wh y you should consult the dictionary last, not first. You’ve looked carefull y at the context. You’ve looked for familiar word parts. Now you play Sherlock Holmes--an ex citing role, You hypothesize. In light of context or word parts, you try to solve a m ystery. What exactl y does that strange word mean? Onl y after you go through the mental gymnastics to come up with a tentative definition should you open the dictionary to see if you’re right. After all, those first two steps or approaches spark a stronger than usual interest in that dictionary definition. You’re now personall y involved. Did you figure out the word meaning? Your heightened interest will lead to a better memory of both word and meaning. It also encourages your development of the habits needed to accelerate your progress. And when you see in black and white the definition yo u had expected, what a feeling of accomplishment yours is. In that way, the CPD Formula provides the exact d ynamic of approaches for maximum effectiveness. Well, there it is, your new formula--Context, Parts, Dictionary. Use it! The exercises that follow will give you specific, step-b y-step help in sharpening your awareness of contextual clues, learning the most useful word parts, and using the dictionary with increased accuracy and ease. The results will be like the money in the bank. 21. This passage is meant to teach readers how to enlarge their vocabularies b y means of the CPD Formula. 22. Paul T. Ranking found that the average individual spent most of his waking time reading, writing, speaking or listening. 23. The research findings of the Human Engineering Laboratories showed that incomes and vocabularies are closel y related. 24. Most students will consult the dictionary when they encounter a new word, which is of great help to them. 25. Readers should consult the dictionary last but not first because it costs too much time. Passage B Directions: Read the following passage, and then decide whether the statements are
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Y(yes) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage N(NO)if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage How to Lengthen Time--24 Hours Is Enough! Recentl y, as I participated in a live-to-air TV training session on time management, a caller rang in with a question. He is in the computer industry, and wanted to know how he could balance his heav y and demanding workload with the demands of a young famil y. The question remains in m y mind--for a large part of societ y it is a serious matter. The issue is how we view time. It seems that we never have enough time. Today man y of us live in a world of speed, of time-povert y and of sensor y overload. Technology develops faster and faster. We feel as if we can never catch up, and there is never enough time. But it’s an illusion. Time hasn’t changed--we have. So, what can we do? Here are a few strategies for you: Schedule for the Important People If you don’t block in special time with special people, they’ll eventuall y get tired of waiting. There is an old song b y Harry Chapin that tells of a little bo y who waits for his dad to spend time with him. The bo y kept saying, “One day I’ll be just like you.” When his dad was an old man, longing to see the son who never came, he found that indeed, the bo y’s words came true. If you wait for “spare time”, you’ll never have it. Live in the “Now” Today man y of us have forgotten how to live in the moment. We focus either on the past, on what we could have done better, or on the future--planning or worrying over coming events. We are so bus y squeezing more in to every moment that most of us forget to be “present”. We therefore miss the jo y of the experience. And so time seems to race b y--because we’re not “in” it. Change Your Language Notice your words, and how the people around you speak. How often do you hear “I’m so bus y”, “I can’t fit it in”, “I have no time”, “I have too much to do”, and “I’m always late/overworked/tired”? Start to use positive words like “I’m getting much better at my time management” or “There is always enough time to do the things that matter.” Have an Attitude of Gratitude Practice honoring the moment. Develop a sense of gratitude for the gift of life, for the beaut y of small things. Find something in every event to appreciate. This is not just a simple, childish behavior--it will enhance your

bealth and lengthen your hours. Enjoy the Common Things Next time you wash the dishes, water the flowers, feed the children, sort out the paperwork on your desk, or do an y other simple task, enjo y the activit y for itself. Try not to spend the time during which your bod y is occupied but your mind absent. Don’t wish the task was completed-honor the moment and the experience. Then you’ll be more relaxed when you finish. And man y times you’ll be surprised to find that it was a pleasant dut y instead of the chore you didn’t want to do. Think Deeply Learn to think deepl y, or if this seems too hard, try every day to sit quietl y for at least 10 minutes. Focus on a plant or some other object. As thoughts move into your mind, recognize them and let them go. Breathe deepl y, mentall y saying “Breathe out” with every outgoing breath and “Breathe in” with every incoming breath. This helps you slow down to the natural rh ythms around you. It “lengthens” time. 26. How to balance the heav y workload with the demands of the famil y is a serious matter to man y people. 27. Today man y people have the illusion that they don’t have enough time. 28. Today man y of us are so bus y planning or worrying over coming events that we forget how to live in the moment. 29. We need to change our positive language to a negative one. 30. Developing a sense of gratitude will benefit our health and lengthen our hours. Part III Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) Section A (1′ ×10=10′ ) Directions: There are 2 passages in this section .After reading the following passage, you will find 5 questions. For each question there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should make the correct choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage A Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. Crime has its own cycles, a magazine reported some years ago. Police records that were studied for five years form over 2,400 cities and towns show a surprising link between changes in the season and crime patterns. The pattern of crime has varied very little over a long period of years. Murder reaches its high during Jul y and August, as do rape and other violent attacks. Murder, moreover, is more than seasonal: it is a weekend crime. It is also a nighttime crime: 62 percent of murders are committed between 6
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p.m.and6 a.m. Unlike the summer high in crimes of bodil y harm, burglary has a different cycle. You are most likel y to be robbed between 6 p.m. and 2 a.m. on a Saturday night in December, January, or February. The most uncriminal month of all? May--- except for one strange statistic. More dog bites are reported in this month than in an y other month of the year. Apparentl y our intellectual seasonal cycles are completel y different from our criminal tendencies. Professor Huntington, of the Foundation for the Stud y of C ycles, made extensive studies to discover the seasons when people read serious books, attend scientific meetings, make the highest scores on examinations, and propose the most changes to patterns. In all instances, he found a spring peak and an autumn peak separated b y a summer low. On the other hand, Professor Huntington’s studies indicated that June is the peak month for suicides and admissions to metal hospitals. June is also a peak month for marriages! Possibl y, soaring thermometers and high humidit y bring on our strange and terrifying summer actions, but police officials are not sure. “There is, of course, no proof of a connection between humidit y and murder,” they say. “Wh y murder’s high time should come in the summertime we reall y don’t know.” 31.The passage is chiefl y about____________. A. wh y different kinds of crime seem to occur in different patterns B. the different between intellectual seasonal cycles and criminal tendencies C. all kinds of crimes in different months throughout the whole year D. how the seasons affect criminal and intellectual behavior 32. A murder would most likel y occur_____________. A. on a weekend night in summer B. on a weekday night in summer C. on a weekend night in winter D. on a weekday afternoon in winter 33. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The author is confused that so man y people marry in summer B. The author is surprised that so man y people attempt suicide or go mad in June C. The author doesn’t understand wh y some people choose to marry in June. D. The focus of the author is that he wants to call our attention to the worrisome month of June. 34. What doe the word “actions”(Line 2, Para. 5) refer to ?

A. Various crimes mentioned in the above paragraphs. B. Suicides and admissions to mental hospitals. C. Dynamic intellectual activities such as good performances in exams. D. Violent attacks such as rape and murder. 35. It can be inferred from the passage that _____________. A. cold weather and high humidit y cause more crimes. B. dogs are more likel y to bite us in May C. Professor Huntington is an expert in various cycles D. the crime pattern has changed a lot over a long period of years Passage B Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage. Have you ever gone to concert and realized that your seats were right next to the booming speakers? Sometimes it’s difficult to avoid loud music or noises, but they can be bad news because loud noises can cause temporary or permanent hearing loss. Extremel y loud music and noises that go on for long periods of time are common causes of deafness. If a noise is so loud that you have to shout to make yourself heard, there is a chance that the mechanism inside your ear can be injured. Temporary hearing loss can happen after you’ve been exposed to loud noises for onl y 15 minutes. If you have temporary hearing loss, you won’t be able to hear as well as you normall y can, and you may have tinnitus( 耳 鸣 ), which is a fancy word for ringing in the ears. Your ears can feel “full”, too. Luckil y, these things usuall y go away and your hearing soon returns to normal. Permanent hearing loss can happen when someone is exposed to loud noises over and over. Construction workers and people who work in factories must wear ear protection because the equipment they use can be extremel y loud. But even some lawn mowers and power tools can permanentl y affect a person’s abilit y to hear high-pitched noises and can also give him permanent tinnitus. Listening to extremel y loud music over and over can also have the same effect on a person’s hearing. And using headphones on a portable cassette or CD player can be dangerous because if the volume is too high and the headphones are used a lot, the noise can damage the ears. So just be sure the volume isn’t up too high, and give the ears a rest every once in a while. . 36. In the first paragraph the word “booming” most probabl y means A. livel y and friendl y B. talkative and eas y to get along with C. speaking in a loud and deep voice D. wealth y 37. Which of the following is similar in meaning to “deafness”?
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A. Temporary hearing loss. B. Permanent hearing loss. C. Having tinnitus. D. Injury or damage of the mechanism inside your ear. 38. Which of the following is NOT a result of temporary hearing loss? A. You have to shout to make yourself heard. B. You feel the ring in the ears. C. You ears feel “full”. D. Your lost hearing soon returns to normal. 39. The following people can be victims of temporary or permanent hearing . loss EXCEPT A. workers in a nois y factory B. loud music listeners C. lawn mower users D. concert fans 40. Which of the following statements is NOT true if you want to avoid hearing loss? A. Never use the headphones. B. Turn down the volume of music. C. Wear ear protection in nois y working conditions. D. Let your ears rest from time to time when enjo ying music. Section B (0.5′ ×10=5′ ) Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks .You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage .Read the passage through carefully before making your choices .Each choice in bank is identified by a letter .Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet with a single line through the center .You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.( 答 案 只 需 要 写 单 词 序 号 ) Questions 41 to 50 are based on the following passage. Until the 1980s, the American homeless population 41 mainl y older males. Today, homelessness strikes much younger part of societ y. In fact, a 25-cit y 42 b y the U.S. Conference of Mayors in 1987 found that families with children made up the fastest growing part of the homeless 43 . Man y homeless children gather in inner cities; this frequentl y frightened student population creates 44 problems--both legal and educational--for alread y overburdened urban school administrators and teachers. Estimates of the number of homeless Americans 45 from 350,000 to three million. Likewise, estimates of the number of homeless school children 46 radicall y. A U.S. Department of Education report, based on state estimates, states that there are 220,000 homeless school-age children, about a third of whom do not 47 school on a regular 48 . But the National

Coalition for the Homeless estimates that there are at least two times as man y homeless children, and that less than half of them attend school regularl y. One part of the homeless population that is particularly difficult to count consists of the “throwaway” youths who have been abandoned b y their homes. The Elementary School Center in New York Cit y estimates that there are 1.5 million of them, man y of whom are not 49 as children because they do not stay in famil y 50 and tend to live b y themselves on the streets. A. basis F. range K. recent B. experiment G. attitude L. survey C. population H. vary M. shelters D. drop out I. attend N. potential E. comprised J. counted O. additional Part Ⅳ Cloze(0.5′ ×20=10′ ) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. Of each blank there are three choices marked A, B, C. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. I have always felt that youth is 51 on the young. Well, 52 I have felt that way since I passed 53 age! If onl y I could go 54 to college now! I 55 work 56 to learn a foreign language. I would take 57 things more seriousl y. I would 58 more energy to develop m y 59 sense. I would even stud y harder in the field I 60 . Of course I can’t go back, 61 I hope you can 62 from m y experience. Your generation enjo ys an incredible amount of knowledge in 63 fields. Stand 64 on the contributions made b y others! As you stud y 65 wisdom of others, learn 66 to think. Then use your strength to build a 67 world for the next generation. In the 68 run you will find that this way of 69 can help you become well off 70 happ y. 51. A. wasted B. gone C. lost 52. A. besides B. in addition C. at least 53. A. center B. middle C. central 54. A. backward B. back C. backl y 55. A. would B. should C. can 56. A. harder B. hardl y C. hard 57. A. art B. artistic C. artisticall y 58. A. take B. cost C. spend 59. A. formal B. moral C. immoral 60. A. specialized B. specialist in C. specialized in 61. A. but B. furthermore C. and
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62. A. learn B. know C. understand 63. A. every B. a few C. man y 64. A. proud B. proudl y C. pride 65. A. the B. a C. those 66. A. when B. whether C. how 67. A. good B. better C. best 68. A. long B. big C. great 69. A. standing B. thinking C. learning 70. A. as well as B. instead of C. besides Part Ⅴ Translation(1′ ×5=5′ ) Directions: Complete the sentences on the Answer Sheet by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. 注意:此部分试题在答题卡上;请在答题上作答。

2007-2008 学年第二学期 2007 级本科英语期末试题
答题卡(Answer Sheet) 答题卡
题 目 得 分 评卷人 Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension(0.5′ ×20=10′ ) Section A 1. A B C D 2. A B C D 3. A B C D 4. A B C D 5. A B C D 6. A B C D 7. A B C D 8. A B C D 9. A B C D 10. A B C D 11. A B C D 12. A B C D 13. A B C D 14. A B C D 15. A B C D Section B 16. A B C D 17. A B C D 18. A B C D 19. A B C D 20. A B C D Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (1′ ×10=10′ ) 21. [Y][N][NG] 22. [Y][N][NG] 23. [Y][N][NG] 24. [Y][N][NG] 25. [Y][N][NG] 26. [Y][N] 27. [Y][N] 28. [Y][N] 29. [Y][N] 30. [Y][N] Part III Section 31. A B 36. A B Section 41. 46. Part Ⅳ 51. A B 56. A B 61. A B 66. A B Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) A (1′ ×10=10′ ) C D 32. A B C D 33. A B C D 34. A B C D 35. A B C D C D 37. A B C D 38. A B C D 39. A B C D 40. A B C D B (0.5′ ×10= 5′ ) (答 案 只 需 要 写 单 词 序 号 ) 42. 43. 44. 45. 47. 48. 49. 50. Cloze(0.5′ ×20=10′ ) 52. A B C 53. A B C 57. A B C 58. A B C 62. A B C 63. A B C 67. A B C 68. A B C Ⅰ Ⅱ Ⅲ Ⅳ Ⅴ 卷面 总分 一审 二审
教研室主 任

English the Chinese given in brackets. 71. A teacher’s priorities include ________________________________ (唤起学生的兴趣,激发他们的创造性).

72. The general election has been going on for almost two months, but __________________________ (结 果 如 何 尚 待 以 后 见 分 晓 ).

73. ________________________________ (要 是 我 没 说 那 些 愚 蠢 的 话 该 多 好 ! ) I was too young to distinguish right from wrong.

__________(只 要 你 为 自 己 定 下 目 标 ), 74. ______________________ you will get somewhere someday.

75. Happiness 一定幸福) .

(有 钱 不

C C C C

54. 59. 64. 69.

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

55. 60. 65. 70.

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

Part Ⅴ Translation (1′ ×5=5′ ) Directions: Complete the sentences on Answer Sheet by translating into
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