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专题19 完形填空(日常生活类)(第01期)-2014年中考英语试题分项版解析汇编(解析版)


1. 【2014 年四川省成都市中考】 根据短文内容,从 A、B、C 三个选项中选出可以填入空白处的正确答案。 There are many problems between parents and their children. Some parents don’t understand their 【小题
1】 , and many of them even argue with each other. If I am a parent, how will I 【小题 2】 my child? Well,

I think there are many ways. 【小题 3】 , I’ll encourage my child to do things he or she likes. The things should be good 【小题
4】 him or her. If it is not good for my child, I’ll talk to him or her about the disadvantage of the thing in a

【小题 5】 way. Second, I will always take pride in everything good that my child 【小题 6】 . For example, if he or she
gets good grades, I’ll say something like 【小题 7】 , “Well done ! I’m very proud of you. ” These words

will both make my child and me very 【小题 8】 . Third, I will spend 【小题 9】 time staying with my child than my parents did with me. I’ll chat and go

shopping with my child.

I am 【小题 10】 these things will make parents and their kids get on well.

【小题 1】A. classmates

B. kids

C. friends

【小题 2】A. give lessons to B. get along with C. talk to

【小题 3】A. First

B. Next

C. Later

【小题 4】A. for

B. about

C. before

【小题 5】A. silent

B. lazy

C. patient

【小题 6】A. will do

B. is doing

C. has done

【小题 7】A. it

B. this

C. them

【小题 8】A. happy

B. strange

C. sad

【小题 9】A. little

B. less

C. more

【小题 10】A. afraid

B. sure

C. surprised

【答案】

【小题 1】B 【小题 2】B 【小题 3】A 【小题 4】A

我相信这些会让父母和他们的孩子们融洽相处的。故选 B。 考点:考查日常生活类短文

2. 【2014 年河北省中考】阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。

Have you ever offered a helping hand to those who are in trouble?

One day, two ______ (46) were walking along the road to school when they saw an old woman carrying a

large basket of pears. They thought the woman looked very ______ (47). They went up to her and said, “Are you

going to town? If you are, we will help carry your basket.”

“Thank you,” ______ (48) the woman, “you are very kind. You see I’m weak and ill.” Then she told them that

she was now going to market to ______ (49) the pears which grew on the only tree in her little garden.

“We are all going to the ______ (50).” said the boys. “Let us have the basket.” And they took hold of it, one

each side. They walked ______ (51) with the heavy basket, but happily.

The other day, I saw a little girl stop and ______ (52) a piece of orange peel (皮), which she threw into the dustbin (垃圾桶), “I wish ______ (53) would throw that on the sidewalk,” said she. “Someone may step on it and

fall.”

Perhaps some may say that these are not ______ (54) things. That is right. But such a little thing shows that

you have a thoughtful mind and a feeling heart. We must not wait for the ______ (55) to do great things. We must

begin with little things of love. 【小题 1】A. boys 【小题 2】 A. bored 【小题 3】 A. asked 【小题 4】 A. bring 【小题 5】 A. town 【小题 6】A. weakly 【小题 7】 A. take out 【小题 8】 A. nobody 【小题 9】 A. little 【小题 10】 A. pay

B. girls B. tired B. told B. buy B. market B. quickly B. cut off B. everybody B. good B. time

C. men C. pleased C. replied C. take C. garden C. slowly C. put down C. somebody C. great
C. advice

D. women D. surprised D. spoke D. sell D. school D. quietly D. pick up D. anybody D. bad D. love

【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】B

3. 【2014 年湖北省十堰市中考】通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出 一个可以填入短文空白处的最佳选项。

My mother only had one eye. And because of this, I never wished her to show up in my school, being afraid

that my classmates would 41 I had an ugly mother.

One day during elementary school, I was terribly ill. My mother came.

“Your mom only has one eye?!” asked some of my classmates. I was so 42 . I wished my mother would just 43 from this world. “If you make me teased(嘲笑),why don’t you just

die?” I shouted at her, taking no notice of the sad look on her face. My mother just handed me some medicine and

left without saying 44 .

At that time, I felt 45 to say what I always wanted to say, and I didn’t think I had hurt her feelings very

much. That night I saw my mom 46 in her room, so quietly, as if she was afraid that she might 47 me.

Even so, I hated her tears from one eye. I made a 48 : I must study hard and leave my mother.

Years later my dream came true. I was quite successful and lived 49 . I never thought of going back to

see my “ugly” mother 50 one day I got a letter, which said, “My son… I’m sorry I only have one eye. When

you were little, you got into a(n) 51 and lost your eye. As a mom, I couldn’t 52 watching you live with only one eye. 53 I gave you mine. I was never 54 with you and I never regretted(后悔) what I did because

I 55 you…”

I cried out aloud. Only then did I realize how beautiful my mother was!

【小题 1】 A. run out

B. put out

C. e out

D. find out

【小题 2】A. happy

B. embarrassed

C. cool

D. pleased

【小题 3】 A. disappear

B. change

C. e

D. go

【小题 4】A. everything

B. something

C. anything

D. nothing

【小题 5】A. worried

B. bad

C. good

D. annoyed

【小题 6】 A. cooking

B. working

C. reading

D. crying

【小题 7】 A. break

B. wake

C. lose

D. see

【小题 8】A. decision 【小题 9】A. luckily 【小题 10】 A. if 【小题 11】 A. accident 【小题 12】 A. enjoy 【小题 13】A. So 【小题 14】 A. excited 【小题 15】 A. dislike

B. difference B. healthily B. unless B. appointment B. stand B. Because B. surprised B. love

C. suggestion C. busily C. until C. university C. help C. Or C. angry C. hate

D. mistake[来源:Z#xx#k.] D. happily D. though D. habit D. stop D. But D. proud D. miss

4. 【2014 年江苏省南京市中考】阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出 可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Natural resources are things that we use that e from Earth. Out natural resources are limited(有限的). This means that they will not 16 forever. Some are renewable, like when you plant a new tree when you 17 one down. Others are not renewable, like when you dig coal(煤)out of the 18 . Once it is used, it is gone.
People realize the 19 that Earth’s natural resources are limited, and can do things to help conserve(节约)those resources. 20 you try to conserve a natural resource, you try to use less of it, so it does not get used up so 21 . One way that people conserve fuel, like gasoline, is by riding a bicycle or walking when the 22 is short instead of driving everywhere.

Water is a very important natural resource because we all need it to stay 23 . We can

conserve water 24 making sure that our pipes and taps do not leak(漏). We can also make

25 choices to conserve water, like only using the dishwasher or washing machine when they

are full. Everyone can make contributions to protecting natural resources.

【小题 1】A. last

B. spread

C. burn

D. change

【小题 2】A. turn

B. cut

C. put

D. move

【小题 3】A. station

B. building

C. ground

D. brick

【小题 4】A. news

B. plan

C. decision

D. fact

【小题 5】A. When

B. Although

C. Whatever

D. Whether

【小题 6】A. slowly

B. hard

C. regularly

D. fast

【小题 7】A. money

B. space

C. place

D. distance

【小题 8】A. alive

B. alone

C. asleep

D. awake

【小题 9】A. about 【小题 10】A. generous

B. for B. funny

C. by C. wise

D. with[来源:Zxxk.] D. surprising

5. 【2014 年江西省中考】请先阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中 选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳选项,并子啊答题卷上将该选项涂黑。(每小题 1 分)
You feel tired and you have no energy. You can’t breathe out of your nose and your throat hurts. Don’t be afraid you have probably just got a 41 . Every year, many kids experience this sick feeling. Some kids have up to eight colds every year. So, what 42 is a cold? Well, a cold is an infection (传染病). It affects (影 响) 43 nose, ears and throat and makes you feel sick and weak. It’s very 44 to catch a cold. When someone sneezes or coughs near you, bacteria(细菌) travel through the air and 45 your body and then make you sick. Also, if you touch your nose or eyes after touching something that has bacteria on it, 46 a door or your desk at school, you can get a sick. Some of the symptoms(症状)of a cold 47 a fever, a sore throat and a cough. If you sneeze, or if your nose is runny and your 48 are watery, you’ve probably got a cold. Most people who have got a cold feel very tired and don’t have much 49 to do anything. A cold is not a pleasant thing to 50 .However, there are some things you can do to feel 51 .You should have hot drinks 52 you’ve got a sore throat and cough. You should eat healthy foods and get a lot of rest so your body can be strong enough to 53 your sold. If you’ve got a fever, or if you aren’t feeling better within a few days, you should visit

your 54 and take some medicine. A cold can be frustrating 55 just remember that there are many things

you can do to feel better and get stronger. Take care of your body and stay healthy.

【小题 1】A. cough

B. headache

C. fever

D. cold

【小题 2】A. exactly

B. nearly

C. clearly

D. firstly

【小题 3】A. my

B. your

C. its

D. their

【小题 4】A. difficult

B. necessary

C. easy

D. helpful

【小题 5】 A. build

B. find

C. feel

D. enter

【小题 6】A. like

B. on

C. behind

D. with

【小题 7】A. take

B. catch

C. turn

D. include

【小题 8】 A. legs

B. arms

C. eyes

D. ears

【小题 9】A. energy

B. money

C. time

D. air

【小题 10】A. do

B. make

C. pass

D. experience

【小题 11】 A. worse

B. better

C. colder

D. hotter

【小题 12】 A. until

B. so

C. if

D. unless

【小题 13】 A. fight

B. keep

C. have

D. get

【小题 14】 A. parent 【小题 15】 A. but

B. doctor B. then

C. friend C. and

D. teacher[来源:学.科.Z.X.X.K] D. or

【小题 2】考查副词及语境的理解。A. exactly 准确地; B. nearly 几乎; C. clearly 清晰地;D. firstly 首先; 句意:准确的说感冒是什么?根据 Well, a cold is an infection (传染病).可知此处对感冒进行准确的解释,故 选 A。 【小题 10】考查动词及语境的理解。A. do 做; B. make 制作; C. pass 通过;D. experience 经历,体验。 句意:感冒并不是一件令人愉快的体验。根据 Some of the symptom(s 症状)of a cold 47 a fever, a sore throat and a cough.可知感冒要亲身体验到发烧,咽喉痛和咳嗽,故选 D。 6. 【2014 年山东省烟台市中考】 完形填空
Friends play an important role in our life. Most people hope that their friends will always be there. They _31____ friendship to last forever. _32___, even the best friendship can end.
As time goes by, many friendships end because of a(n) 33______ in personality or way of life. The friendship

slowly loses importance and finally__34_____.

Tommy wrote, “I didn’t even know the friendship was over until I caught myself thinking of Alan as a former

friend.”

Peter explained. “We _35____ seeing each other less and less. The friendship was just over.”

Sometimes friendships__36____ suddenly from a disagreement or move to another place.

Alice said, “The end of our friendship was a gradual thing. I moved from one side of the city to the other.

Since then we __37___ made a phone call. We met less and less. At last our friendship ended.”

Jack said, “ When I moved to Seattle after college, our friendship died. Both of us were always_38___ with

new jobs, so we didn’t keep __39___ touch with each other. Our friendship was so dead that I didn’t call

him__40___ I went home.”

Yet the biggest problem to a friendship is change. Lillian Rubin in her book Just Friends say, “Generally

it’s___41___ that friends will accept each other if they both remain what they were when they met, or change in

similar directions. If they change or grow in different ways, the friendship most likely__42____ lost.”

No matter why, when, or how friendships end, there is always__43___ pain of loss. When nothing can

be_44___ to keep the friendship, it is important to forget the pain. Then move on__45___ new friendships.

May new friendships bring you pleasure and happiness!

【小题 1】A. hope

B. expect

C. decide

D. prefer

【小题 2】A. Unfortunately 【小题 3】A. interest

B. Luckily B. experience

C. Then C. change

D. So [来源:ZXXK] D. Suggestion

【小题 4】A. forgets

B. disappears

C. appears

D. improves

【小题 5】A. finished

B. practiced

C. continued

D. started

【小题 6】A. break down

B. break away

C. break off

D. break in

【小题 7】A. often

B. seldom

C. always

D. never

【小题 8】A. struggling 【小题 9】A. at

B. satisfying B. by

C. pleased C. on

D. fed [来源:学,科,Z,X,X,K] D. in

【小题 10】A. even if

B. while

C. before

D. since

【小题 11】A. strange

B. true

C. false

D. impossible

【小题 12】A. will be

B. is

C. will

D. to be

【小题 13】A. little

B. some

C. any

D. no

【小题 14】A. thought

B. checked

C. carried

D. done

【小题 15】A. to ask for

B. forming

C. to build

D. beginning

7. 【2014 年四川省达州市中考】 阅读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入相应空白处的最佳答案。

Not only adults but also teenagers have problems in their life. Here is a survey showing the main problems of

41 .

They feel stressed because they have 42 homework to do both at school and at home. They have lots of

exams 43 . And parents usually send them 44 different classes at weekends. As a result, so many of them almost bee bookworms(书虫). On holidays, they could hardly have 45 time to do what they are

interested in. Now more and more teenagers 46 short-sighted. They often read in bed or keep 47

for a long time without having a rest. Some of them are crazy about playing puter games. Some 48 too

much watching TV. 49 serious problem among teenagers is that many of them are being fat. They eat too

much junk food, but they take little exercise.

I think teenagers should think of ways on how to 50 the problem. They should make a plan for study

and hobbies and find time to relax as much as possible.

【小题 1】A. adult

B. adults

C. teenager

【小题 2】A. too many B. too much

C. much too

【小题 3】A. join

B. to be taken

C. to take

【小题 4】A. to

B. for

C. of

【小题 5】A. our own B. their own

C. his own

【小题 6】A. are getting B. are getting

C. got

【小题 7】A. red

B. read

C. to read

【小题 8】A. pay

B. cost

C. spend

D. teenagers D. many too D. to join D. in D. they own D. are bee D. reading D. take

【小题 9】A. Another

B. Other

【小题 10】A. doing with B. do with

C. Others C. dealing with

D. Some D. deal with

【解析】 试题分析:不仅仅是成年人而且青年人在生活中都有问题。1.学习和心理压力大,学习时间过长;2. 没有 足够的放松休息时间,身体发胖;3.眼睛近视的人越来越多;4.一些学生厌学。应该学会自我调节。 . 【小题 10】考查固定搭配及语境的理解。我认为青少年应该想一些方法来如何解决这个问题。注意把学习 和爱好和放松相结合。固定搭配 what to do with 与 how to deal with 意思一样,如何处理。所以选 D。 考点:生活类阅读。 8. 【2014 年浙江省杭州市中考】通读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D) 中选出一个最佳选项。
At a day care centre in Texas, Jessica McClure was playing outside. Jessica’s mother,__31__worked at the day care centre, was watching her. Suddenly Jessica__32__ and disappeared. Jessica’s mother cried and ran to her.
The well in the yard was only eight inches across, and a rock always__33__it.But children had moved the rock.__34__ Jessica fell, she fell right into the well.
Jessica’s mother ran to a phone and called 911 for __35__.Men from the fire department arrived. They __36__that Jessica was about 20 feet down in the well. Then they told Jessica’s parents their__37__. “We can’t go down into the well”they said,” It’s so small. So we are going to dig a hole ___38___well.We’ll dig down about 20 feet. Then we’ll dig a tunnel(通道) across to Jessica. When we reach her, we’ll bring her through the tunnel. Then we’ll bring her up through our__39__.”
The men began to dig the hole on a Wednesday morning. Two days later, on Friday morning, they were__40__digging.And Jessica McClure was still in the well.
All over the world people waited for news of Jessica. They read about her in newspapers and watched her rescue(营救)on TV.Everyone__41__ the little girl in the well.
At 8:00 p.m. On Friday, the men__42__ reached Jessica and brought her up from the well. Then doctors rushed her to the hospital. Jessica was badly injured but she was still__43__.A doctor at the hospital said, “Jessica is lucky she is very__44__.She’s not going to remember this very well.”
Maybe Jessica will not remember her days in the well. But her parents, her rescuers, and many other people around the world will not forget__45__.
After Jessica’s rescue, one of the rescuers made a metal cover for the well. On the cover he wrote, “To Jessica,

with love from all of us.”

【小题 1】A. she

B. who

C. whom

D. which

【小题 2】A. fell

B. slept

C. stopped

D. rose

【小题 3】A. broke

B. hid

C. covered

D. opened

【小题 4】A. Because

B. Although

C. If

D. When

【小题 5】A. advice

B. money

C. help

D. information

【小题 6】A. promised B. discovered C. hoped

D. agreed

【小题 7】A. dream

B. study

C. lesson

D. plan

【小题 8】A. next to

B. along with C. far from

D. out of

【小题 9】A. well

B. tunnel

C. hole

D. yard

【小题 10】A. still

B. already

C. always

D. almost

【小题 11】A. looked after B. worried about C. made friends with D. stayed away from

【小题 12】A .immediately B. usually

C. quickly

D. finally

【小题 13】A. alone

B. asleep

C. alive

D. afraid

【小题 14】A. young

B. popular

C. clever

D. pretty

【小题 15】A. it

B. them

C. him

D. us

故排除 D;在这个定语从句中缺少主语,因此用 who,故选 B。 【小题 10】考查副词及语境的理解。句意:两天后,星期五的早上,他们仍然在挖。still 仍然;already 已 经;always 总是;almost 几乎。根据后面的这句话 And Jessica McClure was still in the well 可知,这里救援 人员还没有挖好洞,所以是仍然在挖。故选 A。 9. 【2014 年浙江省温州市中考】阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从 A.B.C.D 四个选项中选出一个最佳选项.
It was a lovely spring afternoon. My classmates and I were playing happily on the playground when I let out a cry, “Ow!Ow! Something in my shoe is biting* me.”
Everyone was shocked by the cry. They took me into a classroom and were about to take off my__11__. “Which foot is it?”One asked “let us have a look.”
Suddenly, I remembered the holes in__12__socks.My family was very poor during those years. I wore welfare socks, which cost only a little, but those__13__welfare socks didn’t last long. They soon had __14__at he bottom.

I refused to take off my shoe. I__15__stand others seeing the holes in my sock. I tried to hold back my tears Yet,

each time the thing__16__my shoe bit me, tears raced down my face.

My teacher, Miss Diane, hurried into the__17___, “What’s wrong? ”She asked.

“Something is biting her right foot,__18__she doesn’t let us take off her shoe,”One of my classmates answered.

Miss Diane lived next door to me.She___19__everything about my family .She put both hands on my shaking

shoulders and __20__into my painful and hopeless eyes.

“Oh,yes,it must be a sock-eating ant,” She said, as if she had__21__seen the thing inside the shoe. “I had a bite

from one of those ants. By the time I got my shoe off ,it had__22__almost the whole bottom off my sock.” My

classmates nodded while they were listening to the teacher__23__,although they all looked a little puzzled*.

Miss Diane took off my right shoe and sock and shook them over the dustbin*.Two red ants __24__it.

“Just what I thought it.The ants have eaten part of her sock.”When she stroked an alcohol* cotton ball on the

bites,she added, “You are such a __25__girl to take so many bites.”

The alcohol felt cool on the bites and a little girl’s pride was saved by the “sock-eating ant ” story.

【小题 1】A.shoe

B.shirt

C.hat

D.coat

【小题 2】A.his

B. her

C. my

D. your

【小题 3】A.free

B. wet

C.dirty

D. cheap

【小题 4】A.holes

B. boxes

C.stones D.pockets

【小题 5】A.could

B.couldn’t C.must

D.mustn’t

【小题 6】A.on

B.near

C.under D.in

【小题 7】A.office

B.playground C.classroom D.toilet

【小题 8】A.because B.but

C.or

D.so

【小题 9】A.knew

B.forgot

C.taught D.borrowed

【小题 10】A.looked B.dropped

C.ran

D.got

【小题 11】A.hardly B.already

C.still

D.only

【小题 12】A.turned 【小题 13】A.angrily

B.put B.sadly

C.taken

D.eaten[来源:学*科*Z*X*X*K]

C.carefully D.happily

【小题 14】A.lived on B.fell into C.went over D.turned to

【小题 15】A.lucky

B.friendly

C.brave D.clever

【小题 8】B

考点:日常生活类短文。



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