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2012年安徽省高考英语试卷答案及解析

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2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)





第Ⅰ 卷(选择题 共 50 分)

第一部分 听力 (共两节,满分 30 分) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. Carl is studying A. / ; a food science at college and hopes to open up B. / ;the meat

processing factory of his own one day. C. the ; a D. the ; the

本题考查冠词,science 是不可数名词,用 the 表示特指是不可能的,后面的 factory 是 一个可数名词,用 a 表示泛指。 22.——May I help you? You seem to be having some problems. —— A. All right , thanks. I think I can manage. B. No problem C. It’all right D. There’s no way

很多学生会选择答案 D ,我想这是有道理的。 A. B. C 都表示肯定,即接受帮助,只有 D 是拒绝。我没有去过国外,也很少见到老外,所以我不敢轻言答案是哪个,很多学生也应 该是这样吧。 我也不知道老外是否会经常用不定式的进行时进行交际, 想必出卷教师一定是 交际高手吧。 【你说的对,我是遇到问题了,但是谢谢你的好意,我自己可以解决】 23. Interest is as A. vital to learning as the ability to understand , even more so. B. available C. specific D. Similar

Be vital to 表示:对.....极端重要;something be available to somebody 表示:某人可以得 到某物, 列句: cooperative medical service is available to all the members of the the commune. C 答案 specific 不能与 to 搭配;D 答案 similar to 表示:与.....相似。 本题可以把定于 to understand 省掉,也可以把后面的 even more so 省掉或还原。 Interest is as to learning as the ability 这样可以确定 B 是错误的,D 更是错误的。 than the ability to understand.

Interest is even more 很佩服出卷人! 原句:

Interest is vital to learning 互联网对于学习极端重要。

变化之一:Interest is as vital to learning as the ability to understand 互联网对于学习极端 重要,就像理解能力对于学习极端重要一样,互联网甚至比理解能力更加重要。

24. I remembered A. locking

the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights. B. to lock C. having locked D. to have locked

Remember 后面既可以接不定式,也可以接动名词,如果选择 A,这与后面的 before I left the office 是相矛盾的,只能选择答案 A. C 和 D 都是完成时,他们表示比主句动词发生的时间 更早,没有必要。 25. You can chang your job, you can move house,but friendship is meant to be A. of B. on C. to D. For life.

选择 D 是正确的,mean 在此表示“预定,指定”。The gift is meant for you. 这份礼物是给你 的。 He was meant for [to be ]an electrician. 本来是准备把他培养成电工的。 26. In order to find the missing child , villagers A. did B. do C. had done all they can over the past five hours. D. have been doing

后面的 over the past five hours 意味着现在完成时, 所以选择 D。 过去完成时表示“过去的 过去”明显不正确。 27.The limits of a person’s intelligence,generally speaking, are fixed at birth, but he reaches these limits will depend on his environment. A. where B. whether C. that D. why 首先把插入语 generally speaking 删掉,选择 B.本题考查名词性从句,but whether he reaches these limits 【作为句子主语】will depend on his environment.

28. The athlete's years of hard training A. went on B. got through

when she finally won the Olympic gold medal. C. paid off D. ended up

答案 C .本题考查动词词组,pay off 有很多含义:1 付清某人的工资并解雇他 偿清欠款 等等 2. 对某人或某事进行报复 3.使人得益,有报偿 4.贿赂

29. Alot of language learning,

has been discovered, is happening in the first year of life, so

parents should talk much to their children during that period. A. as B. it C. which D. This A 是正确答案。如果选择 B 或 D 就出现了两个句子了。本题考查非限制性定语从句,

关系代词指整个一句话Alot of language learning is happening in the first year of life。 传统考法 是直接把从句放在句首,我不知道这里是不是算作句首,我相信学生们也会是一头雾水吧。 【as 用在句首,which 用在句末,正确答案应该是 A】
30. When rewarding. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked B 是正确答案, 本题考查非谓语动词, 逻辑主语是 Philip, 还原句子 When Philip was asked for for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and

his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding.

31. Grace doesn't want to move to New York because she thinks if she wouldn't be able to see her parents very often. A. lives B. would live C. having asked

there, she

D. Were to live

在表示将来的情况下,主句中第一人称可用 should,其他人称用 would;从句中任何人 称都用 should,不可用 would.
32. —I love the Internet. I've come to know many friends on the Net. — . Few of them would become your real friends. B. It’s not the case D. I’m pleased to know that A. That’s for sure C. I couldn't agree more

选择 B 是正确的。后面的句子告诉我们:应答者是持有否定态度的。A、C、D 都是持 肯定态度的。 33. Walmart, which is one of the largest American supermarket chains, store open 24 hours on Mondays through Saturdays. A. keeps B. keep C. have kept D. had kept 选择 A。首先把 which 引导的非限制性定语从句删掉。三单否定 B,同时也没有选择 完成时的理由。 34.Queen Elizabeth Ⅱ often to be richest woman in the world. is wealth seems rather small. A. Besides B. Otherwise C. However D. Altogether 选择 C。前面说她富有,后面说她个人财富相当少。 35. After school we went to the reading-room to do some reading, only to be told that it A. was decorated C. had been decorating B. had decorated D. was being decorated . , her personal some of its

选择 D. It 指代 the reading-room,所以只能用被动,考虑到 only to be told 表示结果,所以选 择 D 是自然地了。

21. A C A B D

26. D B C A B

31. D B A C D

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I settled in Chicago,my new city seemed so big and unfriendly, Then I had a 36 problem and had to go to hospital for a It seemed a small to go 39 38 37 examination.

compared to the one I was about to face ,but things started 40 the city, I was

right from the beginning , Not having a car or

depending on a couple of buses to get me from A to B, soon it was 42 the I

41

I’d left myself plenty of time,

I was going to be late, as I had mistakenly boarded a bus that was taking me in

43 direction. 44 the bus and stood on the pavement not knowing what to do, I look into the eyes of a

45 who was trying to get past me, 46 instead of moving on ,she stopped to ask if I was 47 , After I explained my 48 to her, she pointed to a bus stop across the street , where a bus would take me back into the city to my 49 . Sitting there waiting , I felt had been willing to help . new friend 50 that someone 51 , hearing a horn (喇叭) nearby, I looked up to see a car with my 53 to the hospital. ,for all

52 at me to get in, She had returned to offer me a

Such unexpected

54 from a passer-by was a lovely gift to receive, As I climbed out of 55

the car at the hospital and turned to thank her, she smiled and told me not to lose things are possible. 36. A 37. D 38. A. physical B. traveling C. social D.housing 后面说 不得不去医院 A. scientific B.final C.previous D. Thorough

A 表示科学检查 B 表示最终检查 C 表示“以前的”,D 表示“全面的” A. chance B. challenge C. success D.error

与后面的 face 相匹配 39. A. wrong B. easy C. fast D. Ahead

与前面的 go 构成词组,表示出错了。 40. A. leaving B. visiting C. knowing D. Appreciating

没有自己的车,不了解这所城市,后面走错路是必然 41. A. Although 虽然留了足够的时间 42. A. strange B. necessary C. obvious D. Important B. Since C. Unless D. Once

很明显要迟到了,暗示后面的 appointment. 43. A. same B. right C. general D. opposite

方向反了,后面的 back into the city 就是暗示 44. A. looked at B. waited for C. got off D. ran into

下车,然后站在人行道上 pavement 45. A. driver 满眼都是陌生人 46. A. Especially B. Surprisingly C. Probably D. Normally B. friend C. stranger D. Gentleman

事情从此转机了,所以是 surprising 了。 47. A. nervous B. excited C. OK D. Dangerous

此情此景问一句“Are you OK?是自然地 48. A. idea B. motivation C. excuse D. Situation

只有解释自己的种种境况了。 49. A. appointment B. apartment C. direction D. Station

和医生的预约
50. A. afraid B.grateful C. certain D. Disappointed

终于遇到好人了,当然只有感激了 51. A. Thus 连接词 52. A. staring B. laughing C. waving D. Shouting B.Then C. Perhaps D. Surely

C 是正确的,see 就是暗示 53. A. lift 搭便车 54. A. results B. news C. kindness D. Appearance B. suggestion C. bike D. Guidebook

又是询问,又是开车相送,那是相当的善意了。 55. A. power B. faith C. touch D. Support

文章教导我们:世界上还是好人多 这是一篇记述文,格调当然是健康向上的。文章有两条线,第一是事情发展,第二是 作者心里变化。 首先是关键词 unfriendly, 接下来都是麻烦事了。传统选法 5 个 A、5 个 B、5 个 C、5 个 D 的法则失效了。

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Welcome to one of the largest collections of footwear 鞋类) the world that will make ( in you green with envy. Here at the Footwear Museum you can see exhibits(展品)from all over the world. You can find out about shoes worn by everyone from the Ancient Egyptians to pop stars.

Room 1 The celebrity(名人)footwear section is probably the most popular in the entire museum. Started in the 1950s there is a wide variety of shoes and boots belonging to

Room 2 Most of our visitors are amazed and shocked by the collection of “special purpose”shoes on exhibition here at the Museum of Footwear. For example , there are Chinese shoes made of

everyone from queens and presidents to pop stars and actors! Most visitors find the celebrities' interesting. choice of footwear extremely

Silk that were worn by women to tie their feet firmly to prevent them from growing too much!

Room 3 As well as shoes and boots the museum also exhibits shoe shaped objects. The variety is unbelievable. For example , there is a metal lamp that resembles a pair of shoes, and Greek wine bottles that like legs!

The footwear Library People come from all over the world to study in our excellent footwear library. Designers and researchers come here to look up Information on anything and everything related to the subject of footwear.

56. Where would you find a famous singer's shoes? A. Room1. C. Room3. 57. All exhibits in each room A. share the same theme C. are made of the same material . B. have the same shape D. belong to the same social class B. Room 2. D. The Footwear Library

58. Which of the following is true according to the text? A. The oldest exhibits in Room 1 were made in the 1950s. B. Room 2 is the most visited place in the museum. C. Room 3 has a richer variety of exhibits than the other two. D. Researchers come to the Footwear Library for data. 59. The purpose of the text is to get more people to A. do research C. visit the museum .

B. design shoes D. follow celebrities

56A 是一道细节题,room1 里面就是明星们的鞋 57A 也是一道细节题,room1、2 3 都是按照主题分类的。 58D。A 错了,room1 起源于 50s,但是没有具体说最早的展品就是那时制造的。B 明显 错误,room1 才是 the most popular,答案 C 错了,room3 只是展示 shoe shaped objects. 59C. 从文章的第一句话得知,本文是广告。 B Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys?

The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences. To the Egyptians, green was a color that represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures. In China, children are given money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect themselves against evils(灾祸).

People’s choice of colors is also influenced by their bodies' reactions (反应)toward them. Green is said to be the most restful color. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally and physically. People who work in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches. Red can cause a person’s blood pressure to rise and increase people’s appetites(食欲). Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. Similarly, many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that easily catches a person’s eye.

Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue can cause people to lose appetite. So if you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help.

The next time you are deciding on what to wear or what color to decorate your room, think about the color carefully.

60. Muslims regard green as a symbol of heaven mainly because of their A. cultural values C. personal experiences B. commercial purposes

.

D. physical reactions to the color

61. Why will many commercial websites have a red “Buy Now” button? A. To relax people physically. B. To increase people’s appetites. C. To encourage people to make a purchase. D. To cause a person’s blood pressure to rise. 62. What color might help lose weight according to the text? A. Red B. Green. C. Blue. D. Purple.

63. Which of the following would be the most proper title for the text? A. Colors and Human Beings C. Colors and Personal Experiences B 篇应该是社会生活类的文章。 60A 根据题干找到出处了,第一段的中心就是 The answer depends largely on cultural B. The Cultural Meaning of Color D. The Meaning and Function of Color

values as well as personal experiences. 61C 推理题饭店的理由是血压上升,食欲大增,而购物网站只能是 C 了。常识告诉我 们,红色不能使人身体放松。 62C 细节题,直接能找到答案,只要细心 99%的人就能找到。 63D 主旨题。正常境况是这样:第一句设问句,只能说是引语,第二句对问题的回答 才是主题句,所以主题句应该是 The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences. 其实不然。根据五段式分析,第一句话即第一自然段提出问题,但是 没有回答。第二段、第三段和第四段分别是回答,第五自然段是建议部分。

C When Frida Kahlo's paintings were on show in London, a poet described her paintings as “ a ribbon (丝带) around a bomb”. Such comments seem to suggest Kahlo had a big influence on the art world of her time. Sadly, she is actually a much bigger name today than she was during her time. Born in 1907 in a village near Mexico City , Kahlo suffered from polio(小儿麻痹症)at the age of seven. Her spine (脊柱)become bent as she grew older. Then, in 1925, her back was broken in several places in a school-bus accident. Throughout the rest of her life, the artist had many operations, but noting was able to cure the terrible pain in her back. However, the accident had an unexpected side effect. While lying in her bed recovering, Kahlo taught herself to paint. In 1929, she got married to Diego Rivera, another famous Mexican artist. Rivera’s strong influences on Kahlo’s style can be seen in her early works, but her later works from the 1940s, known today as her best works, show less influence from her husband. Unfortunately, her works did not attract much attention in the 1930s and1940s, even in her home country. Her first one-woman show in Mexico was not held until 1953.For more than a decade after her death in 1954, Kahlo’s works remained largely unnoticed by the world, but in the 1970s her works began to gain international fame at last. 64. What does the phrase “a much bigger name” in paragraph 1 most nearly mean? A. a far better artist C. a much stronger person B. a for more gifted artist D. a much more famous person . B. her bent spine D. the operations she had . D. 1970s

65. The terrible pain Kahlo suffered was caused by A. polio C. back injuries

66. Kahlo’s style had become increasingly independent since the A.1930s B. 1940s C. 1950s 67. What is author’s attitude toward Kahlo? A. Devotion 典型的人物传记。难度一般般。 B. Sympathy C. Worry

D. Encouragement

64D 我们可以用 better 和 gifted 来描写她,但是文章中说她的主要悲剧是不被大众认识。 65C 文章依据就是 school bus accident. 66B 细节题,直接找到答案 67B 推理题,tomb 和 sadly 告诉我们这是一个悲剧,a ribbon 告诉我们主人公很积极乐 观。

D In Asia, there are special competitions where kites have complex designs and are fitted with instruments that make musical sounds as the wind blows through them. Although all kites have a similar structure (结构), they are widely different in size and shape. Kite-fighting competitions are also held, in which competitions us their kites to attack and bring down their opponents’(对手)kites or cut their strings(线). For more than 15 years, the Big Wind Kite Factory has been giving kite-making and kite flying classes for the children on an island in Hawaii. In its kite-making lessons, students can make kites in as little as 20 minutes! Children as young as four years old can learn how to fly a kite. Jonathan Socher and his wife Daphne started the kite factory in 1980. their kites are made of nylon(尼龙).Their designs are Hawaiian themes created by Daphne. The designs are cut out of the nylon with a hot knife that seals the edges and then fastened directly onto the kite. The kite that is used to give lessons is regular diamond kite with a rainbow pattern. The difference between this kite and the ones they make during the lessons is that it is a two-string controllable kite. Big Wind employees fly the kite and for a few minutes show students how pulling on one line and then on the other controls the direction the kite goes in. Then the controls are given to the students. Jonathan insists that it is not necessary to make a huge impressive kite to have fun making and flying kites. Even the simplest structure can work, and can give hours of fun. Go on, give it a try! 68. Which of the following is true according to the text? A. A hot knife is used to iron the nylon. B. Children never fly kites on their own in flying lessons. C. Kite strings must not be cut in kite-fighting competitions. D. Daphne designs kites for the Big Wind Kite Factory. Daphne 是这个工厂 Big Wind Kite Factory 的老板。 69. What is different about the kite used for flying lessons? A. It has two strings. C. It has a rainbow pattern. B. It is simple in design D. It is shaped like a diamond.

70.According to Jonathan ,what do you need to have fun with kites? A. A large kite. B Any type of kite.

C. A complex structure. 71.What is mainly described in the text? A . A kite factory C .Special competitions.

D. A kite that impresses others.

B. Kite-flying lessons. D .The kite-making Process.

真是难为出卷老师了, 第一自然段明显与整体文章不匹配, 我不相信正宗的老外会写出这种 文章。 E Welcome to your future life! You get up in the morning and look into the mirror. Your face is firm and young-looking. In 2035, medical technology is better than ever. Many people your age could live to be 150,so at 40, you’re not old at all. And your parents just had an anti-aging(抗衰老的) treatment. Now, all three of look the same age ! You say to your shirt , ”Turn red.” It changes from blue to red. In 2035, “smart clothes” contain particles(粒子) much smaller than the cells in your body. The particles can be programmed to change clothes’color or pattern. You walk into the kitchen . You pick up the milk ,but a voice says ,” You shouldn't drink that!” Your fridge has read the chip (芯片) that contains information about the milk , and it Knows the milk is old . In 2035, every article of food in the grocery store has such a chip . It’s time to go to work . In 2035, cars drive themselves. Just tell your “smart car” where to go. On the way , you can call a friend using your jacket sleeve . Such “smart technology” is all around you. So will all these things come true? “For new technology to succeed,” says scientist Andrew Zolli ,”it has to be so much better that it replaces what we have already.” The Internet is one example what will be the next? 72.We can learn from the text that in the future__________. A.people will never get old C. red will be the most popular color B.everyone will look the same D.clothes will be able to change their pattern

73. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Milk will be harmful to health. B. More drinks will be available for sale. C. Food in the grocery store will carry electronic information. D. Milk in the grocery store will stay fresh much longer. 74. Which of the following is mentioned in the text? A. Nothing can replace the Internet. B. Fridges will Know what people need. C. Jacket sleeves can be used as a guide. D. Cars will be able to drive automatically.

75.What is the text mainly about? A. Food and clothing in 2035. B. Future technology in everyday life. C. Medical treatments of the future. D. The reason for the success of new technology. 写作部分 第一节 任务型阅读 Traveling to all corners of the world gets easier and easier. We live in a global village ,but this doesn't mean that we all behave in the same way. How should we behave when you meet someone for the first time? An American shakes your hand firmly while looking you straight in the eye. In many part of Asia, there is no physical contact (接触)at all. In Japan, you should bow, and the more respect you want to show, The deeper you should bow. In Thailand, people greet each other by pressing both hands together at the chest, In both countries, eye contact is avoided as a sign of respect. Many country have rules about what you should and shouldn't wear. In Muslim countries, you shouldn't reveal (显露)the body, especially women, who Should wear long blouses and skirts .In Korea ,you should take off your shoes when entering a house Remember to place then neatly together where you came in. In Spain, lunch is often the biggest meal of the day, and can last two or three hours. For this reason many people eat a light breakfast and a late dinner. In Mexico, Lunch is the time to relax ,and many people prefer not to discuss business as they eat ,In Britain ,it’s not unusual to have a business meeting over breakfast. In most countries, an exchange of business cards is necessary for all introductions. You should include your company name and your position. If you are going to a country where your language is not widely spoken, you can get the back side of your card printed in the local language. In China ,you may present your card with the writing facing the person you are giving it to. Title :good(76) Aspect (77) Country ??America ??Japan ??Thailand Dressing ??(79)________Cou ntries ??Korea ??Wearing long blouses and skirts ??Taking off your shoes at the Custom ??Shaking hands firmly ??(78)_____to show respect

(80)___________

Eating

??Spain ??Mexico ??(82)___________

??Having a light breakfast and a late dinner ??Relaxing while having

(81)__________ ??Holding a business meet ng i over breakfast Doing business ??Most countries ??China ??Exchanging business cards when(83)____ _yourself ??Presenting a card to a person (84)______it's facing him Conclusion : When traveling(85)________,we should follow local customs. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设美国某中学的学生明天来你校访问交流,主题是高中生对文,理科的选择。请你用英语 写一篇发言稿,向他们介绍你所做的选择,并说明选择的理由。 注意: 1.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数; 2.词数 120 左右; 3.短文中不能出现与本人相关的信息。 参考词汇:文科 arts;理科:science Good afternoon ,everyone. Welcome to our school !______________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Thanks! front



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